What is Menopause?
Menopause also referred as a change of life is a natural part of a woman’s life. It usually occurs during the last menstrual cycle, or you can say the last period. The way leading up to that final period, when women might be undergoing menopausal signs like disturbance or other changes in monthly cycles, are known the menopausal transition. The menopausal transition happens at a time in a woman’s life when the generation of oestrogen and progesterone, behave changeably and unpredictable.
Usually, in the forties, a woman’s body undergoes different changing, like an increase in the waist, which can occur because she is getting older and other changes which may include vaginal dryness, are due to changes in hormone levels. As a woman grows in age specifically when she gets nearer to menopause, her ovaries size gets smaller. You might also hear it called pre-menopause. Once a woman has gone through full 12 months without a period, she can be quite sure that she has been through menopause and now she is in post-menopause.
Following are some points which indicate the usual signs of menopause:
1.Changes in the MenstrualCycle:
The very first thing many women observe is a change in their periods. They might start coming after along interval or closer together. They might stay longer or end early. The discharge could be heavier or lighter.
2.Night sweats and hot flashes:
Many women also start facing night sweats or hot flashes. During a hot flash, your face and upper body start feeling hot. Your skin turns redder because blood vessels are expanding. You might start sweating a lot, sometimes followed by cold trembling. Sometimes you have as light feeling of warmth and other times may wet your clothes. Night sweats are hot flashes along with sweating that occurs during your sleep. Hot flashes can occur manytimes an hour, only sometimes a day, or just once a week. They usually happen for few years and then discontinue, but about one out of every ten women might face hot flashes in her sixties to seventies.
3.Changes in skin and tissues:
As you grow older, your skin becomes more dehydrated. You might also start losing fatty tissue and protein below your skin and also in the areas near vagina and urinary band. These losses make your skin slimmer and less flexible. If the vaginal tissues are under this influence, these changes can make them drier and more likely to scratch and become contaminated.
4.Sleep and exhaustion:
Many women face problems in sleeping and feeling tired, especially in few years just before menopause and during the post-menopause session. But, it is hard to know either sleep alterations are a part of getting older or due to hormonal changes. At times, there are night sweats that wake you in the middle of the night, or you have to go to the restroom. Either way, once you get up from the bed, you can then have difficulty in getting back to sleep. Possibly you can’t fall asleep in the first place, or you find yourself waking up too early in the morning. When this same routine repeats over and over again, you will become very tired and exhausted. And this feeling can affect everything you do in your routine.In case you feel it hard to sleep then you can learn to sleep properly via meditation.
Stress, depression and poor health are more likely to contribute to anxiety, mood changes and bad temper during mid-life than do hormonal changes. It is sometimes observed that the women in middle ages face extreme mood swings, but the specific connection of mood to the hormonal changes of menopause is not apparent.
You may see changes in your body in the middle of your age, specifically in its figure and makeup. Your joints or muscles might pain or feel rigid. Your waist might be getting thicker, and you could be putting weight. Shifts in your body structure such as the loss of muscle and raise in fatty tissue also occur. Muscle aids us to burn a lot of calories, so losing muscle mass over time can make it difficult to burn off calories, and weight gain becomes easier.
Mid-life is the age that may bring different sources of stress, which lead to memory problems. Experts suggest that when you have a lot going on in your life, it can be difficult to remember as much as you did before.
9.The effect on bone health:
The reduction in production of oestrogen can affect the amount of calcium in your bones. This may result in significant decreases in bone compactness. In some cases, it can also make you more prone to hip and other bone fractures. Many women face faster bone loss after their last menstrual period.
Conditions connected to your heart may occur during menopause, such as cardiac problems. Reduced oestrogen levels can stop your body from keeping flexible arteries which can impact blood flow.
Keeping an eye on your weight, eating a healthy and exercising can reduce these type of risks.