When eyes become red, itchy and watery due to exposure to pollen or mould spores, these are indications of allergic conjunctivitis. It’s an inflammation of the eye caused by certain airborne pollens or natural elements.
The Conjunctiva is a membrane present inside the eyelids that covers the eyeball. This conjunctiva is prone to irritations from allergens – at their peak during hay-fever season. It’s quite common and is the human body’s counter-reaction to potentially harmful substances.
An ophthalmologist in Abu Dhabi would be able to treat allergic conjunctivitis according to its severity, so it’s best to consult your doctor. In the meantime, familiarize yourself with the details outlined below.
Types of allergic conjunctivitis
- Acute allergic conjunctivitis is a short-term allergy due to changes in the season. In this condition, eyelids may swell, itch and burn, along with a runny nose.
- Chronic allergic conjunctivitis is rare and can happen anytime during the year. It occurs as a reaction to allergens such as food, dust and pet dander. Symptoms may come and go in this situation; however, itching and burning of the eyes with mild sensitivity persists.
Whatever the type of symptoms, consult an ophthalmologist in Abu Dhabi for appropriate treatment.
When the body defends itself against a perceived threat, allergic conjunctivitis is a likely occurrence. It happens due to the release of histamine, a potent chemical produced by the body to fight foreign body/invaders. Some of the common substances that trigger the reaction are:
- Household dust and dirt
- Trees and grass-based pollen
- Mould spores
- Animal/pet dander
- Chemical scents from detergents and certain fragrances
- Exposure to certain medications or substances, such as medicated eye drops or contact lens solution
Candidates with the highest risk factor
Individuals who already have different sensitivities are more likely to develop allergic conjunctivitis. Research performed by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America concluded that risk factors are higher in 30 per cent of adults and 40 per cent of children with allergies, especially those that are genetically inherited.
It’s better to consult an ophthalmologist in Abu Dhabi without delaying – this may worsen the situation. Redness of the eye with small bumps inside the eyelids is a visible symptom; however, certain tests may be recommended by your doctor:
- A skin test to determine allergies when exposed to certain allergens. Redness and swelling are likely to develop.
- Blood tests to determine if the body is healthy enough to produce antibodies or proteins to ward off allergens such as dust or mould.
- Scraping of conjunctiva tissue to examine white blood cell count –Eosinophil; the term refers to white blood cells that are triggered to fight allergies.
- Home care treatment involves preventive strategies to minimize exposure to allergens like closing the doors and windows when the pollen count is high.
- Medication or clinical evaluation may be performed by an ophthalmologist in Abu Dhabi to determine the severity of the allergy and whether further tests are needed.
This is the basic information you need to know regarding allergic conjunctivitis. Be sure to consult your eye doctor even if there’s a minor issue, just as a preventive measure.
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